Welcome to your first beaded necklace tutorial. Here you will learn the step by step process to create one of your first pieces of jewelry, for beginners.
I like to begin with a necklace, introducing the concept of the 'crimping technique', one of the two important beading techniques we will learn.
The crimping technique will also be the technique we use for the 1st bracelet tutorial.
Necklaces, however, have standard measurements based on the length of your personal chose. Whereas bracelets vary in sizes, based on an individual's wrist, and may need slight adjustments for a custom fit.
So let's begin with a beaded necklace to get you started. Once you learn the concept of stringing and closing a piece of jewelry then you can apply that knowledge and build in any adjustments for learning bracelets.
For your convenience here is a chart I find useful to have on hand of necklace lengths.
Our necklace example is 20" in length.
Begin by laying out the beads in a pattern. This is the repeat pattern.
Continue laying out the beads until you have the approximate length you desire.
Measure and cut your stringing wire. Add 5" to 6" of extra wire to your anticipated finished length. You will need this excess to hold the clasp and have extra wire to tuck inside of the beads that sit closest to the clasp. I have planned for a 20" necklace so my cut is 25".
Temporarily close one end of the stringing wire with a bead stopper. I have used an alligator clip.
Begin stringing beads onto the beading wire.
Double check the length of your piece. This is where a beading board comes in very handy.
Begin by stringing the crimp bead, a small 4mm or seed bead and then the first part of the clasp. It does not make a difference which clasp part is attached first for a basic repeat design.
Next...bring the stringing wire back through the small bead and the crimp bead, creating a loop to hold the clasp in place. Leave a tail of approximately 1" of the stringing wire. It is very important at this stage to conserve as much of your wire for the ease of working with the opposite end.
Cinch up close to the clasp, but making sure the clasp still moves freely. If the clasp end is too tight it may fray the stringing wire over time.
Now compress the crimp flat. Remember the crimp will be the only thing holding the jewelry together.
This will create a flat crimp. If the crimp should break then it was either a defective crimp or a sterling crimp was compressed too hard. If so then just start again. Better to find out now during this process.
Move all beads down making sure to cover the excess wire tail. You should not need anything more than 1" of wire tail. This just adds an extra quality to the jewelry.
Remove bead stopper.
String crimp, small bead and other end of clasp as before.
Carry the stringing wire back through the small bead, crimp bead as before, but on this end also string through the first two beads on the end of your pattern.
Pull the strand of beads together.
Inspect and make sure it is all together before compressing the second crimp.
As you prepare to compress the crimp bead make sure only the crimp bead is inside of pliers nose, anything caught will get damaged. This is the advantage for using the slim tapered chain nose pliers for this process.
Compress making a flat crimp.
It should look like this.
Test the strength of the crimps. Holding the attached clasp and the opposite end, pull against itself checking to make sure the wire does not slip through the compressed crimp.
If the compressed crimps passed the strength test then prepare to clean off excess wire.
Snip excess wire with wire cutters as close into the bead as possible being careful not to cut the main stringing wire.
You have just completed your first necklace.
How did you do?
Practice always makes perfect.
Now that you have completed your first crimping project hopefully this has helped you to see the concept of the basics to stringing jewelry.
If you are ready to move on then let's get started with My 1st bracelet.
That will unveil a few more tips with getting a good bracelet fit, remember bracelet sizes vary for each person.
See you there.